How to install Drupal on Ubuntu 23

If you find yourself enthusiastic about tapping into the robust functionalities that Drupal has to offer, particularly on the most recent iteration of Ubuntu, version 23, you’ve landed on the right page. This step-by-step guide is designed to take you through the installation process, ensuring a seamless and user-friendly experience as you embark on setting up your website with the power of Drupal.

Section 1: Grasping the Fundamentals

Prior to immersing ourselves in the installation procedure, it’s essential to pause and comprehend the essence of Drupal and the reasons behind its popularity among developers. Drupal stands out as a potent, adaptable, and expandable content management system (CMS), providing users with the ability to craft and oversee a diverse array of websites. Its capabilities span from personal blogs to intricate e-commerce platforms, making it a preferred choice for a myriad of development projects.

Section 2: Essential Requirements

Before initiating the installation, it is crucial to confirm that your Ubuntu 23 system fulfills the requisite prerequisites. This involves ensuring the presence of a LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) stack. If you haven’t established the LAMP stack yet, there’s no need to fret; we’ll provide step-by-step guidance to facilitate the setup process.

Section 3: Configuring the LAMP Stack

For a successful installation of Drupal, it is imperative to have a fully operational LAMP stack. Our guidance will walk you through each stage of the process, starting with the installation of Apache, followed by the configuration of MySQL and PHP. The harmonious collaboration of these components is paramount to achieving optimal performance for your Drupal setup.

Ensure your Ubuntu 23 system is up to date. Open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Apache is a widely-used web server. Install it by executing:

sudo apt install apache2
apache install ubuntu 23

To check if Apache is running, open your web browser and enter your server’s IP address. You should see the default Apache page.

How to install Drupal on Ubuntu 23

MySQL is a powerful relational database management system. Install it with:

sudo apt install mysql-server
mysql install ubuntu 23

PHP is a server-side scripting language. Install it and some necessary modules:

sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-dev php-bcmath php-intl php-soap php-zip php-curl php-mbstring php-mysql php-gd php-xml
install php ubuntu 23

In order for the changes to apply you need to restart Apache

service apache2 restart

Run the following command to secure your MySQL installation:

Section 4: Downloading and Preparing Drupal

Now that our LAMP stack is up and running on Ubuntu 23, let’s move on to setting up Drupal, a powerful and flexible content management system (CMS). Follow these steps to download and prepare Drupal for your website.

Step 1: Download Drupal

Visit the official Drupal website and find the latest version. Copy the download link for the tar.gz file.

cd ~
Download Drupal

Step 2: Extract Drupal Archive

Extract the downloaded tar.gz file to the Apache web root directory.

sudo tar -zxvf tar.gz -C /var/www/html/

Step 3: Configure Permissions

Adjust the ownership and permissions to ensure Drupal can operate smoothly.

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/drupal-10.2.3

find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;

find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;

Step 4: Create a Database for Drupal

Log in to MySQL and create a database for Drupal. Replace ‘your_database_name,’ ‘your_user,’ and ‘your_password’ with your desired values.

mysql -u root -p
CREATE DATABASE your_database_name;
CREATE USER 'your_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'YourStronG_P@$sword4';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON your_database_name.* TO 'your_user'@'localhost';

Step 5: Web Server Configuration

Create a New Apache Configuration File:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/drupal.conf

Add the Following Configuration:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    DocumentRoot /var/www/html
    <Directory /var/www/html/>
        Options FollowSymlinks
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

Enable the New Configuration:

sudo a2ensite drupal.conf

Restart Apache:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Install Certbot on Apache

sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache
sudo certbot --apache

Section 7: Drupal Installation Wizard

With everything set up, it’s time to run Drupal’s installation wizard. We’ll guide you through the process of providing essential information, such as database credentials, site name, and administrator account details.

Open your web browser and navigate to your domain, followed by ‘/drupal-10.2.3’. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the Drupal installation. Provide the database details created in Step 4 when prompted.

drupal mysql configuration

Congratulations! You’ve successfully installed Drupal on Ubuntu 23. Keep in mind that security is an ongoing process, so stay informed about best practices and updates to ensure a secure and stable Drupal installation.